Jainism & Buddhism Multiple Choice Questions

Jainism & Buddhism MCQs

Question 1.

The first Tirthankara of the Jains was:

A.

Arishtanemi

B.

Parshvanath

C.

Ajitanath

D.

Rishabha

Explanation :

i) Tirthankaras are Jain spiritual Gurus.

ii) Rishabhanatha is 1st out of 24 Jain Tirthankaras.

iii) His other names are Adinatha, Adishvara, Yugadideva, Prathamaraja and Nebhya.

iv) Parshvanatha was 23rd Tirthankara.

v) Vardhmana Mahavira was the last (24th) Tirthankara.

Exam: (SSC CGL 1999).

Question 2.

With which of the following is the classic “Jivaka Chintamani" in Tamil associated?

A.

Jainism

B.

Buddhism

C.

Hinduism

D.

Christianity

Explanation :

Jivaka Chintamani is a Jain epic poem of Sangam Literature written by Jain saint Tiruttakkatevar. It is about the life of prince Jivaka and is also known as 'Mana Nool' (Book of marriages).

Exam: (SSC CGL 2002)

Question 3.

Where did Lord Buddha breathe his last?

A.

Raajgir

B.

Bodh Gaya

C.

Sarnath

D.

Kushinagar

Explanation :

i) Buddha breathed his last at Kushinagar (UP) near the Hiranyavati river.

ii) He attained 'Parinirvana' Final Nirvan after he fell ill of food poisoning.

Exam: (SSC CGL 2002)

Question 4.

Gandhara school of art came into existence in

A.

Hinayana sect

B.

Mahayana sect

C.

Vaishnava sect

D.

Shaiva sect

Explanation :

i) Mahayana sect believes in idols worship of Buddha and Bodhisattvas.

ii) Gandhara school of Art was established during Kushan era.

iii) It was the first to sculpturally represent the Buddha in human form as 'Man-God'.

Exam: (SSC CPO 2003)

Question 5.

Who, according to the Budhists, is believed to be the next incarnation of Gautam Buddha?

A.

Atreya

B.

Maitreya

C.

Nagarjuna

D.

Kalki

Explanation :

According to the Buddhist scripture Maitreya is considered 'future Buddha'.

He is a Budhisatva, In Amitabha Sutra and Lotus Sutra he referred as 'Ajita'. Exam: (SSC CPO SI 2003)